Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever are life-threatening illnesses caused by Salmonella serotype Typhi and Salmonella serotype Para typhi, respectively.
Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever have similar symptoms̵. People usually have a sustained fever that can be as high as 103–104°F. Other symptoms of typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever include weakness, stomach pain, headache, diarrhoea or constipation, cough, loss of appetite. Some people with typhoid fever or paratyphoid fever develop a rash of flat or rose-coloured spots.
Typhoid globally affects around 27 million or more people each year. The disease may result in several complications such as intestinal bleeding with severe stomach pain, nausea, vomiting and sepsis. Other rare complications include myocarditis, pneumonia, kidney infection, meningitis or psychiatric problems.
Typhoid vaccine at the right time can help prevent typhoid fever and can save from life threatening complications.
The Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) & Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) strongly recommend children receive all vaccines according to the recommended Vaccination schedule.